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Full text of "Syllabus of lectures on French art"

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THE LECTURE ASSOCIATION 



OF THE 



University of Pennsylvania 



SYLLABUS OF LECTURES 

ON 

French Art 

BY 

MR. WILLIAM CRARY BROWNELL, OF NEW YORK. 

AND 

Catalogue OF Loan Exhibition 

OF 

FRENCH PAINTING AND SCULPTURE. 



Monday, March 21, 4.30 P. M. - - Classic Painting. 

Wednesday, March 23, 4.30 P. M. - Romantic Painting. 
Monday, March 28, 4.30 P. M. - - Realistic Painting. 

Wednesday, March 30, 4.30 P. M. - French Sculpture. 

At the Pennsylvania 'Academy of The Fine Arts. 



THE LECTURE ASSOCIATION 



OF THE 



University of Pennsylvania 



SYLLABUS OF LECTURES 

ON 

French Art 

BY 

MR. WILLIAM CRARY BROWNELL, OF NEW YORK, 

AND 

Catalogue OF Loan Exhibition 

OF 

FRENCH PAINTING AND SCULPTURh. 



Monday, March 21, 4.30 P. M. - - Classic Painting. 

Wednesday, March 23, 4.30 P. M. - Romantic Painting. 
Monday, March 28, 4.30 P. M. - - Realistic Painting. 

Wednesday, March 30, 4.30 P. M. - French Sculpture. 

At the Pennsylvania Academy of The Fine Arts. 



FRENCH ART. 



LECTURE I. 

Classic Painting. 
French art a national expression, the national over- 
shadowing the personal quality of it. The French rooms at 
the Louvre. Preference of French painting for the true over 
the beautiful. Classic French painters too cultivated to 
invent. Artists rather than poets. Rarely spiritual or spon- 
taneous, but never ordinary and insipid. Excessive care for 
form, but associated invariably with elegance. Taste the 
arbiter and standard. Error of supposing French classic 
painting lacking substance. Difference of its ideas from this. 
Explanation of its qualities and defects in its historic origin as 
well as in French genius. It was eclectic at the outset. 
Francis First and the Fontainebleau school. Poussin and 
Claude. Ruskin on Claude. Louis XIV. art genuinely expres- 
sive. Why we misconceive it. Lebrun and Le Sueur. 
Louis Quinze art, though fanciful, essentially classic. Wat- 
teau, Fragonard, Boucher, Lancret, Pater, Nattier and Van 
Loo. Color and cleverness their characteristics. Greuze and 
Chardin and the so-called " return to nature." — Genre. Sym- 
pathetic quality of Chardin's art. Simple and direct beside 
that of Greuze, which is sentimental and superficial by con- 
trast. Louis Seize art. David. Difference between his 
ensemble and his detail in artificiality. Ingres. His greater 
elasticity and refinement. But both he and Flandrin be- 
long completely to the classic epoch. Prudhon, the link 
between the last days of classic supremacy and the rise of 
Romanticism. 



LECTURE II. 
Romantic Painting. 

Characterization of Romanticism. With Gericault and 
his followers painting became interested, curious and catholic, 
ceasing to be detached and abstract. Gautier's attitude as 
the exponent of Romanticism. The element of personality- 
first shows itself Exhilaration of independence everywhere 
felt. The poetic motive as an inspiring force. The romantic 
painters not emotional so much as imaginative. Gericault 
and Delacroix; the great names inscribed at the head of 
romantic painting. The Raft of the Medusa. Classic reserve 
of both painters. Study of classic masterpieces. Delacroix's 
coloration. Decamps. His " The Suicide." Millet. His literary 
side compared with Jules Breton's. His range. His sense 
of pictorial handling. His true distinction artistic. His 
color and composition. Corot, the ideal classic-romantic 
painter. His technic. His narrow range. His true theme. 
Dupre and Diaz the decorative painters of the Fontainebleau 
group. Monticelli. Rousseau. His absorption in nature 
Wordsworthian. His sense for style. Daubigny. Almost 
religious character of his work. Comparison with Constable. 
Difference from the rest of his school. Michel and Paul 
Huet. Effect of romantic methods on classical temperaments, 
resulting in academic painting. Delaroche, Scheffer, Gerome, 
Bouguereau and Cabanel. Criticism and the instinct of 
simplification interhostile. Meissonier. Puvis de Chavannes 
and Couture. 

LECTURE III. 
Realistic Painting. 

Special interest of one's own time and environment. Ab- 
solute self-respect of French art at the present day. Analogy 
of pride in one's era with patriotism. Invasion of the field of 
aesthetics by the scientific spirit specially characteristic of our 
era. Acquisition of new dignity by nature. Absolute beauty 



no longer believed in, but beauty found everywhere. Dis- 
tinction of realistic painters to liave made solecism ridiculous. 
Difference between the romanticist's and the realist's view 
of the visible world. The primacy of realism due to Courbet. 
A pure pantheist, having the sentiment of reality in an intense 
degree. His work elemental, not elementary. Bastien Lepage. 
His relation to Courbet. Sureness of his observation. Pos- 
sessed the philosophic temperament. His moral attitude to- 
ward the world he paints, that of the spectator. Interest, 
however, in things of the mind as well as those of the senses. 
The London boot-black and London flower-girl human docu- 
ments. His own statement of his aim and art. Cazin. His 
landscapes more truthful than personal. Painted with preci- 
sion, but free and unpedantic. His individual palette. His 
elegance and sense of style. Contrasted with Harpignies 
and Pointelin. Contrast between Guillaumet and Fromentin 
to illustrate advance in realism. Growth of realistic spirit 
among temperaments least inclined thereto. Jean Paul Lau- 
rens, Luminals, Francois Flameng, Constant, Detaille, De 
Neuville, Berne-Bellecour, Morot, Realism in portraiture. 
Carolus-Duran, Bonnat, Ribot. Eclecticism an element of vtcd- 
ernit'e. Baudry, Elie Delaunay, Chartran, Clairin, MazeroUes, 
"Duhuk pere et fils, Bovin, VoUon, Gervex, Duez, Roll, Lher- 
mitte, LeroUe, Jean Beraud. The illustrators. Their con- 
trast with Bida, for example. Manet. His distinction in the 
evolution of French painting. Comparison of his values with 
Gerome's. The plein-airisies. Claude, Monet, impressionism 
and the outlook. 

LECTURE IV. 

Sculpture. 

Origin of French sculpture. Deviation from Gothic. Claux 
Stuters. The Renaissance sculptors. Preservation of Gothic 
character in unison with Renaissance sense of style. Colombe, 
Jean Goujon, Cousin, Germain Pilon. Puget and his followers 



in exaggerated expression. Clodion and Louis Quinze art in 
sculpture. Pradier and Etex and the Neo-Grec sculpture. Hou- 
don's combination of grace and severity. Rude's elevated style. 
The Chant du Depart. David d'Anger's, the great portraitist 
of French sculpture. Barye. Sources of his greatness. 
Carpeaux's passion for the representation of life and vital 
energy. The modern academic school. Chapui's antique 
inspiration. Dubois and his Italianito figures. Saint Mar- 
ceaux's magical charm. Mercie's refinement and distinction. 
Millet, Guillaume, Cavelier and the Institute group. Fal- 
guiere's variety and energy. Barrias, Le Feuvre and Dela- 
planche. Fremiet's individual position. Cain and Rouillard. 
Carles and Suchetet. Summing up of the characteristics of 
the Academic school. The new movement. Rodin and 
Dalu. 



THE LECTURE ASSOCIATION 

OF THE 

University of Pennsylvania. 



LOAN EXHIBITION 



OF 



French Paintings and Sculpture 



FROM 



PRIVATE AND PUBLIC COLLECTIONS 
IN PHILADELPHIA. 



OPEN FROM 

March 21st to March 30th, 1892, 

TO ILLUSTRATE LECTURES BY 

Mr. William Crary Brownell, 

AT THE 

Academy of Fine Arts. 



The North Gallery will be open at 3.30 p. m. on the days of the Lec- 
tures to holders of Lecture Tickets. 




HE loan exhibition, whose catalogue follows, has 
been collected to illustrate the lectures on French 
art, delivered by Mr. Brownell in the course of the 
University Lecture Association. This has limited 
the collection to the work of French artists and sculptors, 
and excluded much which is ordinarily presented in a 
loan collection of foreign art. It has also seemed more desir- 
able, for the purpose of illustrating the exposition and aiding 
the study of French art, to collect the work of as many separate 
artists as possible than to multiply the number of paintings. 
In the case of one French artist of importance, Corot, recent 
exhibitions in this city have presented the most important 
works here, and for the present collection the generosity of 
private collectors has been taxed only in order to give his work 
adequate representation. Cabanel does not appear in the present 
collection, because the loan of the only examples of his work in 
the city could not be obtained for the present collection. 

In some instances, Baudry, for example, where no pictures 
by the artist are owned in this city, photographs have been 
presented ; and engravings supply the absence of any work by 
David. 

Few works by French sculptors are accessible in this country, 
and in this field photographs have been freely used. 

The purpose of the exhibition has governed the arrangement 
of the pictures upon the walls, and has influenced the hanging 
of pictures, which has been committed to the exclusive control 
of the artists on the committee. The public is greatly indebted 
to the generous liberality of private owners of French paintings 
in this city, who have stripped their walls to gather the largest 
collection of the works of the artists of France presented in 
Philadelphia since 1876. The aim and objects of this exhibi- 
tion, designed to aid instruction and facilitate study, have met 
with a hearty and generous response, for which the committee 
is deeply grateful, and which deserves the thanks and appre- 
ciation of the public. The Academy of Fine Arts has given 
its zealous co-operation to the efforts of the University Lecture 
Association to make a course of lectures on art something more 
than a critical exposition, bare of illustration by example. 



Committee. 



MISS CECILIA BEAUX, 
MRS. JOSEPH N. BLANCHARD, 
MRS. LEVERETT BRADLEY, 
MR. EDWARD H. COAXES, 
MR. CHARLES E. DANA, 

MISS CAROLINE LEWIS, 

Secretary. 



MRS. JOHN HARRISON, 
MR. JOHN LAMBERT, Jr., 
MRS. J. DUNDAS LIPPINCOTT, 
MR. HENRY McCARTER, 
MR. E. A. STEWARDSON, 
MRS. TALCOTT WILLIAMS, 

Chairmak. 



Exhibitors. 



Mr. A. J. Antelo. 

Miss Cecilia Beaux. 

Rev. Leverett Bradley. 

Mrs. William Burnham. 

Mr. Richard M. Cadwalader. 

Messrs. James B. Caldwell and Co. 

Mr. J. Raymond Claghorn. 

Mr. Clarence H. Clark. 

Mr. Edward H. Coates. 

Mr. John H. Converse. 

Messrs. James S. Earle and Sons. 

Mr. W. L. Blkins. 

Mrs. J. Gillingham Fell. 

Mr. Charles F. Haseltine. 

Mr. Wm. P. Henszey. 

Mr. Charles Grafly. 



Mr. John G. Johnson. 
Mr. George de B. Keim. 
Mr. John Lambert, Jr. 
Miss Caroline Lewis. 
Mr. Henry N. McCarter. 
Mr. George H. McFadden. 
Mr. Archie Newlin. 
Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 
Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 
Miss Fan Sekeles. 
Mr. John Sellers, Jr. 
Mr. Robert Steele. 
Mr. Frank Thomson. 
Mr. Henry Thouron. 
Mr. E. Burgess Warren. 
Mr. P. A. B. Widener. 



The Pennsylvania Academy of The Fine Arts. 

The American Philosophical Society. 



List of Painters Represented 



Bastien-Le Page. 


Daumier. 


Lesuer. 


Baudry. 


de Beaumont. 


Luminais. 


Benj amin-Constant. 


Degas. 


Manet. 


B^raud. 


Delacroix. 


Meissonier. 


Berne-Belle Cour. 


Delaunay. 


Michel. 


Bida. 


D^taille. 


Millet. 


Bonnat. 


de Neuville. 


Monet. 


Boucher. 


Deveria. 


Montecelli. 


Bouguereau. 


Diaz. 


Nattier. 


Breton, Emile. 


Duez. 


Pissarro. 


Breton, Jules. 


Dupr^. 


Poussin. 


Carriere. 


Flandrin. 


Prudhon. 


Chardin. 


Gerome. 


Puvis de Chavennes. 


Carolus-Duran. 


Greuze. 


Ribot. 


Cazin. 


Guillaumet. 


Rossi. 


Clairin. 


Hubert. 


Rousseau. 


Claude Lorraine. 


Henner. 


Sheflfer. 


Corot. 


Ingres. 


Sisley. 


Courbet. 


Isabey. 


Troy on. 


Couture. 


Jacques. 


Vibert. 


Dagnan-Bouveret. 


Jongkind. 


Vollon. 


David. 


Lebrun. 


Watteau. 


Daubigny. 


Lhennitte. 





List of Sculptors. 



Aube. 


Chatrousse. 


Franceschi. 


Marceaux. 


Barrias. 


Croisy. 


Fremiet. 


Puget. 


Bartholdi. 


Coutan. 


Gervex. 


Printemps. 


earlier. 


Dampt. 


Goujon. 


Puech. 


Carpeaux. 


de Saint Marceaux. 


Houdon. 


Rodin. 


Charpentier. 


Dubois. 


Ivanson. 


Turcan. 


Chapu. 


Falgui^re. 


Merci6. 





CLASSICAL PAINTING. 



Boucher, FraiKjois.— Born in Paris, 1703. Died, 1770. Pupil of Le 
Moine. Prix de Rome. Member of the Academy. 

I Portraits. 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 



Clande Gellee, called Claude Lorraine, — Born in Champagne, 1600. 
Died, 1682. 

2 Original Etchings. 

Loaned by the Academy of Fine Arts. 



Chardin, Jean Baptiste Simeon.— Bom, 1699. Died, 1779. Pupil of 
Cazes and Coypel. Member of the Academy, 1728. 

3 Autotype. 

Loaned by the Academy of Fine Arts. 



Dayid, Jacques Louis. — Born in Paris, 1748. Died, 1825. Pupil of 
Vien. Prix de Rome. Member of the Academy, 1783. Member of 
the French Institute, 1795. Painter to Louis XVI and to Napoleon I. 

4 Madame Recamier. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Messrs. Earle and Sons. 

5 Aiitotype. 

Loaned by the Academy of Fine Arts. 



Flandrin, Paul-Hippolyte.— Bom in Paris, . Pupil of Lehmann. 

S^. Peter and St. Paul instructing the Nations. A Mural 
painting in the Church of St. Vincent de Paul, Paris. 
(Lithograph.) 

Loaned by Miss Cecilia Beaux. 
The Peaii Diver. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Miss Caroline Lewis. 



Fi*agonard, Jean Honore. — Bom in Grasse, Provence, 1732. Died, 
1806. Pupil of Chardin and Boucher. Prix de Rome. 

L'Armoire. (Original Etching.) 

Loaned by the Academy of Fine Arts. 



Greuze, Jean Baptiste. — Bora in Touraus, 1725. Died, 1805. Pupil 
of Grandon. 

8 Mother and Child. 

Loaned by Mr. Clarence H. Clark. 
9 1 Head. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Messrs. Karle and Sons. 
ID Head. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. John Lambert, Jr. 



Ingres, Jean Dominique Austin. — Born in 1780 in Montaubon. 
Died, 1867. Pupil of David. Prix de Rome. Member of the 
French Institute, 1826. Legion of Honor, 1824. Officer of Legion 
of Honor, 1826. Commander of Legion of Honor, 1845. Grand 
Officer, Medal of Honor, 1855. 

1 1 Portrait of an Italian patriot. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Miss Cecilia Beaux. 



15 

Lebmn, Elizabeth Louise Yigee.— Born in Paris, 1755. Died, 1842. 
Pupil of Greuze and Vemet. 



Lesner, Eustache.— Born in Paris, 1616. Died, 1655. Pupil of Simon 
Vouet. 

14 Holy Family. (Original Etching.) 

I/oaned by the Academy of Fine Arts. 



Nattier, Jean Marc— Born in Paris, 1685. Died, 1766. Pupil of 
his father. 

15 Portrait. 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 

16 Portrait. 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 



Poossin, Nicolas.— Born at Andelys, 1593. Died, 1665. Pupil of 
Varin, Jouvenet, Elle and Lallemont. 

17 Landscape. 

Loaned by the Academy of Fine Arts. 

18 The Rape of Europa. 

Loaned by the Academy of Fine Arts. 



Prudhon, Peter Paul.— Bom in Cluny, 1758. Died, 1823. Prix de 
Rome. Legion of Honor, 1808. Member of the French Institute , 
1816. 

19 Assumption. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Archie Newlin. 



Wattean, Antoine.— Born in Valenciennes, 1684. Died, 1721. Mem- 
ber of the Academy. 

20 Group of Figures, (Original Etching.) 

Loaned by the Academy of Fine Arts. 



ROMANTIC PAINTING 



Bou^uereau, William Adolphe.— Bom at La Rochelle in 1825. 
Pupil of Picot. Prix de Rome, 1850. Medal, 1857. Medal, Exposi- 
tion Universelle, 1855. Legion of Honor, 1859. Medal, Exposition 
Universelle, 1867. Member of Institute of France, 1876. Officer of 
Legion of Honor, 1876. Medal of Honor, Exposition Universelle, 
1878. Knight of the Order of Leopold, 1881. Grand Medal of 
Honor, 1885. Medal of Honor, Antwerp, 1885. Commander of 
Legion of Honor, 1885. 

2 1 Orestes pursued by the Furies. 

Loaned by the Academy of Fine Arts. 



Breton, Emile Adelard. — Bom in Courrieres. Pupil of his brother, 
Jules. Medals, 1866, 1867, 1868, 1878. 1876, Centennial Exhibition, 
Philadelphia. 1873, Vienna. Legion of Honor, 1878. Order of 
Leopold. 

23 Moonlight after a Rain. 

Loaned by Mr. George de B. Keim. 



Breton, Jules Adolphe.— Born in Courrieres. Pupil of Felix de 
■ Vigne and of Drolling. Member of the French Institute. 

24 The Gleaners. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles F. Haseltine. 



Corot, Jean Baptiste Camille. Born in Paris, 1796. Died, 1875. 
Pupil of Berlin. Medals, 1838, 1848, 1855, 1867. Legion of 
Honor, 1846. Officer of the Legion of Honor, 1867. Diploma to the 
Memory of Deceased Artists, Exposition Universelle, 1878. 

25 La7idscape. 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 



17 

26 Landscape. 

Loaned by Mr. John H. Converse. 

27 Spring. 

Loaned by Mr. E. B. Warren. 

28 Landscape. 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 

29 Landscape. 

Loaned by Mr. George de B. Keim. 



Couture, Thomas.— Born in Senlis, Oise, 1815. Died 1878. Pupil of 
Gros and Delaroche. " Medals, 1844, 1847, 1855. Legion of Honor, 
1848. 

30 The Temptation. 

Loaned by Mr. A. J. Antelo. 



Daubigny, Charles F.— Born in Paris, 181 7. Died, 1878. Pupil of 
Delaroche. Medals, 1848, 1853, 1855, 1857, 1859, 1S67. Legion of 
Honor, 1859. Officer of the Legion of Honor, 1874. Diploma to the 
Memory of Deceased Artists, Exposition Universelle, 1878. 

31 Landscape. 

Loaned by Mr. John H. Converse. 

32 Scene in France. 

Loaned by Mr. John Sellers, Jr. 

33 After the wind storm. 

Loaned by Mr. Edward H. Coates. 

34 Solitude. 

Loaned by Mr. E. B. Warren. 

35 Landscape. 

Loaned by Mr. George de B. Keim. 



i8 

Delacroix, Ferdinand Victor Eui^ene.— Born in Charenton, St. 
Maurice, 1799. Died, 1863. Pupil of Guerin. Medal, 1824. Legion 
of Honor, 1831. Officer of the Legion of Honor, 1846. Commander 
of the Legion of Honor, 1855. Member of the French Institute, 1857. 

36 Alba7iia7i officer'. 

Loaned by Mr. A. J. Antelo. 



Dereria, Eugene Francois. Born in Paris, 1805. Died, 1865. 
Pupil of Delacroix. 

37 ^Picture. 

Loaned by Mr. George de B. Keim. 

38 Circassian Slave Dealer. 

Loaned by Mr. J. Raymond Claghorn. 



Diaz de la Pena, Narcisse Tirgile.— Born in Bordeaux, 1808. Died, 
1876. Pupil of Sigalon. Medals, 1844, 1846, 1848. Legion of 
Honor, 1851. Diploma to the Memory of Deceased Artists, Exposi- 
tion Universelle, 1878. 

39 Genre — Danse almees. 

Loaned by Mr. John H. Converse. 

40 Layidscape. 

Loaned by Mr. John H. Converse. 

4 1 Landscape — Honfleur. 

Loaned by Mr. J. H. Converse. 

42 Forest of Fontainebleau. 

Loaned by Mr. Edward H. Coates. 

43 The Storm. 

Loaned by Mr. E. B. Warren. 

44 Landscape. 

Loaned by Mr. George de B. Keim. 



19 

Dapre, Jules.— Born in Nantes, 1812. Studied design in the porce- 
lain manufactory of his father. Medal, 1833, 1867. Legion of 
Honor, 1849. Officer of the Legion of Honor, 1870. 



45 The Cart. 

46 Sunset. 

47 The Pool. 



Loaned by Mr. John H. Converse. 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 

Loaned by Mr. E. B. Warren. 



Gerome, Jean Leon. — Born in Vesuel, 1824. Pupil of Delaroche. 
Medals, 1847, 1848, 1855. Legion of Honor, 1855. Member of the 
French Institute, 1865. Honorary Member R. A., London. Grand 
Medal of Honor, 1867. Officer of the Legion of Honor, 1867. Grand 
Medal of Honor, 1874. Commander of the Legion of Honor, 1S78. 
Medal, sculpture, 1878. Grand Medal of Honor, 1878. 

48 Coffee House, Cairo. 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 

49 Evening Prayer. 

Loaned by Mr. Wm. P. Henszey. 



Hebert, Autoiue, Au^uste, Ernest.— Born in Grenoble. Prix de 
Rome, 1839. Medals, 1851, 1S55, 1867. Legion of Honor, 1853. 
Officer of the Legion of lionor, 1867. Commander of the Legion of 
Honor, 1874. Member of the Institute, 1874. Grand Prix, 1889. 

50 Aiix Hh'os sans Glorie. (Phototj'-pe.) 

Loaned by Mr. H. Thouron. 



Henner, Jean Jacques.— Born in Bernwdllers, 1829. Prix de Rome. 
Medals, 1863, 1865, 1866, 1S7S. Legion of Honor, 1873. Officer of 
the Legion of Honor, 187S. 

51 Fahiola. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Messrs. Earie and Sons. 



20 

Jacques, Charles Emile.— Born in Paris, 1813. Medals for Engrav- 
ing, 1851, 1853, 1867. Medals for Painting, 1863, 1864. Legion of 
Honor, 1867. 

5 2 Sheep. 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 



Jongkind. 

53 View on the Seine. 

Loaned by Mr. P. A. B. Widener. 



Isabey, Eugene Louis Gabriel,— Born in Paris, 1804. Died, 1886. 
Medals, 1824, 1827, 1855. Legion of Honor, 1832. Officer of Legion 
of Honor, 1852. 
54 At the Castle Gateway. 

Loaned by Mrs. J. Gillingham Fell. 



Meissonier, Jean Louis Ernest. — Born in Lyons, 1815. Medals, 1840^ 
1841, 1843, 1848. Medals of Honor, 1855, 1867, 1878. Legion of 
Honor, 1846. Officer of Legion of Honor, 1856. Commander of 
Legion of Honor, 1867. Grand Officer, 1878. Member of French 
Institute, 1861. Member of Munich Academy, 1867. Honorary Mem- 
ber R. A,, London, and other academies. 

55 The Co7nmisszonaire. 

Loaned by Mr. A. J. Antelo. 



Michel, Georges. — Born in Paris, 1763. Died, 1843. Pupil of 
Taunay. 

56 Landscape. 

Loaned by Mr. Richard M. Cadwalader. 

57 The Rapids. 

Loaned by Mr. E. B. Warren. 



21 

Millet, Jean Francois. — Bom at Greville, Manche, 1814. Died, 
1875. Pupil of Mouchel, Lauglois and Delaroche. Medals, 1853, 
1864, 1867. Legion of Honor, 1868. 

58 Woman Feeding Chickens, 

Mrs. J. Gillingham Fell. 

59 Eleven Sketches a7id Studies. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. John Lambert, Jr. 

60 The Gleaners. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. John Lambert, Jr. 



Mouticelli, Adolplie.— Born in Marseilles, 1S24. Died, 1886. 
61 The So7ig. 

Loaned by Mr. Charles F. Haseltine. 



Pnvis de Chavamies, Pierre.— Born in Lyons, 1824. Pupil of Henri 
Scheffer and Couture. Medals, 1861, 1864, 1867. Medal of Honor, 
1882. Legion of Honor, 1867. Officer of the Legion of Honor, 1877 

62 Labour. 

Loaned by Mr. John H. Converse. 

63 Repose. 

Loaned by Mr. John H. Converse. 

64 ' ' Pro Patria Ludens. ' ' (Autotype. ) 

Loaned by Mr. Henry Thouron. 



Rousseau, Pierre Etienne Theotlore.— Born in Paris, 181 2. Died, 
P867. Pupil of Remond and of Lethiere. Medals, 1834, 1849, 1855 
Medal of Honor, 1867. Legion of Honor, 1852. 

65 Apple trees. 

Loaned by Mr. John H. Converse. 

66 The After-gloiv. 

Loaned by Mr. E. B. Warren. 



22 

Troyon, Constant.— Born in Sevres, iSio. Died, 1865. Pupil of 
Riocreux and Poupart. Medals, 1838, 1840, 1846, 1848, 1855. Legion 
of Honor, 1849. Diploma to the Memory of Deceased Artists, Ex- 
position Universelle, 1878. 

67 Cattle. 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 

68 Cow, 

Loaned by Mr. John G. Johnson. 

69 Landscape. 

Loaned by Mr. George de B. Keim. 



REALISTIC PAINTING. 



Bastien-Lepa^e, Jules,— Born iu Damvillers, 1848. Died, 1884. 
Pupilof Cabanel. Medals, 1874, 1875, 1878. Legion of Honor, 1879. 

70 Marine. 

Ivoaned by Mr. John G. Johnson. 

71 The Potato Gatherers. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. John Lambert, Jr. 

72 Joan of Arc. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Henry N. McCarter. 



Baudry, Paul Jacques Aime. — Born at La Roche-sur-Tous, 1828. 
Died, 1886. Pupil of Drolling. Medals, 1857, 1861, 1881. Legion 
of Honor, 1861. Officer of the Legion of Honor, 1869. Commander 
of the Legion of Honor, 1875. Member of the French Institute, 1870. 

73 Venus and Cupid. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Rev. Leverett Bradley. 

74 Merairy, Psyche and Cupid. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Rev. Leverett Bradley. 

75 Group of figures. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Rev, Leverett Bradley. 



Benjamin- Constant, Jean Joseph.— Born in Paris, 1854. Pupil of 
Cabanel. Medals, 1875, 1876, 1878. Legion of Honor, 1878. Ofl&cer 
of Legion of Honor, 1884. 

76 The Dead Caliph. 

Loaned by Mr. William P. Henszey. 

77 Landscape. 

Loaned by Mr. John H. Converse. 



24 

Berand^ Jean.— Contemporary. Born in St. Petersburg, but of 
French parentage. Pupil of Bonnat. Medals, 1882, 1883. 

78 The Poet of Marseilles. 

Loaned by Mr. Charles F. Haseltine. 



Berne-Bellecour, Etienne Prosper.— Born at Boulogne, 1838. Pupil 
of Picot. Medals, 1869, 1872. Legion of Honor, 1878. Medal, 
Exposition Universelle, 1878. 

79 The Halt, 

Loaned by Mr. John H. Converse. 

80 Providing for the March. 

Loaned by Mr. John Sellers, Jr. 



Bida, Alexandre.— Born in Toulouse, 1823. Pupil of Delacroix. 
Medals, 1848, 1855, 1867, 1878. Legion of Honor, 1855. Officer of 
the Legion of Honor, 1870. 

81 Autotype, 

Loaned by the Academy of Fine Arts. 



Bonnat, Leon Joseph Florentin.— Born in Bayonne, 1833. Pupil of 
Madrazo and Cogniet. Medals, 1861, 1863, 1867. Legion of Honor, 
1867. Medal of Honor, 1869. Officer of Legion of Honor, 1874. 
Member of the French Institute, 1881. Knight of the Order of 
Leopold, 1881. Commander of the Legion of Honor, 1882. 

82 Italian Peasant Girl. 

Loaned by Mr. John G. Johnson. 



Carri^re, Eugene.— Born in Gournay-sur-Marne. Medals, 1885, 1887, 
1889. Legion of Honor, 1889. 

83 The Sick Child. (Photogravure.) 

Loaned by Messrs. Earle and Sons. 



25 

84 The Sick Child. (Wood-cut.) 

Ivoaned by Miss Cecilia Beaux. 

85 The Sick Child. (Print.) 

Loaned by Mr. Henry N. McCarter. 



Cazin, Jean Charles.— Born at Samer (Pas-de-Calais V Contem- 
porary. Pupil of Lecocq de Boisbaudran. Medal, iSSo. Legion of 
Honor, 1882. 

86 Landscape. 

Loaned by Mr. John H. Converse. 

87 Landscape. 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 

88 Starlight. 

Loaned by Mr. John G. Johnson. 

89 Starlight Night. 

Loaned by Mr. E. B. Warren. 

90 Grai?i Field. 

Loaned by Mr. E. B. Warren. 

91 On the Outskirts of Antwerp. 

Loaned by Mr. P. A. B. Widener. 

92 Landscape. 

Loaned by Mr. George de B. Keim. 



Carolas-Duran, An^nste Emile. Born in Lille, 1837. Pupil of 
Souchon. Medals, 1866, 1869, 1870. Medal of the 2d class, Exposi- 
tion Universe! le, 1878. Legion of Honor, 1872. Officer of the Le- 
gion of Honor, 1878, Medal of Honor, 1879. 

93 Portrait Madarn Modjeska. 

Loaned by the Academy of Fine Arts. 



Clairin, Georges Jnles Victor. Born in Paris, 1843. Pupil of Picot. 
Medals, 1882, 1885. 

94 Frou Frou, 

Loaned by Mr. Robert Steele. 



26 

Courbet, Gustave. Born in Ornans, 1819. Died, 1877. Medals, 
1849, 1857, 1861. Refused Legion of Honor, having accepted that of 
Order of St. Michael of Bavaria. 

95 V homme ct la Ceiiiture . (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. John Lambert, Jr. 



Dagnan-Bouveret, Pascal Adolplie Jean. Born in Paris. Pupil of 
J. L. Gerome. Medals, 1878, 1880. Legion of Honor, 1885. 

96 Mado7ina a7id Child. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Messrs. Earle and Sons. 

97 Madonna and Child. (Print.) 

Loaned by Messrs. Earle and Sons. 

98 Madonna and Child. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Messrs. Earle and Sons. 

99 Madonna and Child. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mrs. William Burnham. 

100 Pardon. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. John Lambert, Jr. 



Daumier, Honore. Born in Marseilles, 1808. Died, 1879. 
10 1 Wood-cuts. 

Loaned by Mr. Talcott Williams. 



Degas, Edg-ar.— Born, 1837. 

102 A Ballet Girl. 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 



de Beaumont, Charles Eduard. Born at Lannion, 182 1. Pupil of 
Boisselier. Medals, 1870, 1873. Legion of Honor, 1S77. 
103 Haidee Saving Donjnan. 

Loaned by Mr. A. J. Antelo. 



27 

de Neuville, Alplionse Marie.— Born in St. Omer (Pas-de Calais), 
1836. Died, 1885. Pupil of Picot. Medals, 1859, 1861. Legion of 
Honor, 1873. Officers of the Legion of Honor, 1S81. 

104 '' Le Parmentaire. ' ' 

Loaned by ]Mr. W. L. Elkins. 

105 (9^ Duty. 

Loaned by Mr. John Sellers, Jr. 

106 Defence of the Longoyeau Gate. 

Loaned by Mr. Edward H. Coates. 



Delaunay, Jnles Elie.— Born in Nantes, 1828. Pupil of Flandrin. 
Prix de Rome. Medals, 1859, ^863, 1865, 1867. Legion of Honor, 
1867. 

107 Gathering Roses. 

Loaned by Mr. Charles F. Haseltine. 



Detaille, Jeau Baptiste Eduard.— Born in Paris, 1848. Pupil of 
Meissonier. Medals, 1869, 1870, 1872. Legion of Honor, 1S73. Offi- 
cer of the Legion of Honor, 1881. Medal of Honor, 1888. 

108 Water Color. 

Loaned by Mr. George H, McFadden. 

109 Flag of Truce. 

Loaned by Mr. E. B. Warren. 



Dnez, Ernest Ange.— Born in Paris, 1843. Pupil of Pilo and Caro- 
lus-Duran. Medals, 1874, 1879. Legion of Honor, 1880. 

no Anxious For ebodijigs. 

Loaned by Mr. C. F. Haseltine. 



28 

Guillaiimet, Gustaye,— Born in Paris, 1840. Pupil of Picot and 
Barrias, Prix de Rome. Medals 1865, 1867, 1872, 1878. Legion of 
Honor, 1878. 

111 La Seguia. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. John Lambert, Jr. 

112 Laghouat. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. John Lambert, Jr. 



L'hermitfe, Leon Augustin.— Born in Mont-Saiut-Pere (Aisne), 1844. 
Pupil of Lecoq de Boisbaudran. Medals, 1874, 1880. Legion of 
Honor, 1884. 

1 1 3 Reapers' Rest. 

Loaned by Mr. E. B. Warren. 

114 At the Spring. (Pencil Drawing). 

Loaned by Mr. E. B. Warren. 

115 Washerwoman on the Marne. (Warren.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. Burgess. 



Laminais, Eyariste Vital.— Born in Nantes, 1822. Pupil of Cogniet 
and Troyon. Medals, 1852, 1855, 1857, 186 1. Legion of Honor, 
1869. 

116 Attack of Norsemen upo7t Gauls. 

Loaned by Mr. J. Raymond Claghorn. 



Manet, Eduard.— Born in Paris, 1833. Died, 1883. Pupil of Cou- 
ture. Medals, 1881. Legion of Honor, 1882. 

117 Spanish Woman. 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 



29 

Monet, Claude, — Born in Paris. Contemporary. 
ii8 Autumn. 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 

119 Les Eaux Semblantes. 

Loaned by Dr. William Pepper. 

120 St. Addresse. 

Loaned by Mr. P. A. B. Widener. 

121 Hayi?ig, 

Loaned by Mr. Frank Thomson. 
1 2 2 The Banks of the Seine. 

Loaned by Mr. Frank Thomson. 



Pissarro/Camille. — Born in St. Thomas in the Antilles, 1830. Pupil 
of Melbye and Picot. 

123 Village. 

Loaned by Mr. P. A. E. Widener. 



Ribot, (Ang-ustiu) Theodule,— Born in Breteuil, 1823. Pupil of 
Glaize, Medals, 1864, 1865, 1878. Legion of Honor, 1S78. 

124 Le bon Samaritain. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. John Lambert, Jr. 



Rossi, Lnigi. — Born in Italy. Pupil of Fortuny. 
125 Scene in an Arbor. 

Loaned by Mr. George H. McFadden. 



Sisley, Alfred Moret, — Contemporary. — Born in Paris. 
126 Bridge and Water. 

Loaned by Mr. John G. JohnsoD. 



30 

Vibert, Jeau Georges. — Born in Paris, 1840. Pupil of Bard as. 
Medals, 1864, 1867, 186S, 187S. Legion of Honor, 1870. 

127 The T^'ial of Perrot. 

Loaned by Mr. John Sellers, Jr. 



YoUon, Antoino. Born in Lyons, 1833. Pupil of Ribot. Medals, 
1865, 1868, 1869, 1878. Legion of Honor, 1870. Officer of the 
Legion of Honor, 1878. 

128 Still Life. 

Loaned by Mr. John H. Converse, 

129 Antwerp. 

Loaned by Mr. P. A. B. Widener. 



SCULPTURE. 



Aiibc, Jean Paul. — Born in Longwy. Pupil of Dantan and of Duret. 
Medals, 1874, 1876, 1878, 1889. Legion of Honor, 1888. 

130 Monument to Gambetta. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 
Barrias, Louis Ernest, — Born in Paris, 1841. Pupil of Cavelier and 
Jouffroy. Prix de Rome. Medals, 1870, 1872, 1878, 1889. Exposi- 
tion Universelle, 1878. ' Officer of the Legion of Honor, 18S1. Mem- 
ber of the Institute, 1884. 

1 3 1 Premieres ftmerailles . (Photograph . ) 

Loaned by Miss Fan Sekeles. 

132 Electricity. (Photograph.) 

Loaned b}- Mr. Charles Grafly. 

133 Palissy. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 

134 Mozart Enfant. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 



BarthoMi, Frederic Augusle.— Born in Colmar, 1834. Legion of 
Honor, 1865. Officer of Legion of Honor, 1882. Commander of 
Legion of Honor, 1888. 

135 Fountain. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 



earlier, Nestor Emile-Josepli. — Born in Cambrai. Pupil of Jouffroy, 
of Hiolle and of Chapu. Medals, 1879, 1SS3, 1889. Officer of the 
Legion of Honor, 1886. 

136 Gilliat saise par la pieuvre. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Miss Fan Sekeles. 



32 

Carpeaiix, Jeau Baptiste.— Bom in Valenciennes. Pupil of Rude and 
of Duret. 

137 Group for Fowitaiii. (Photograph). 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafiy. 

138 La Danse. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 



Cliarpeiitier. 

139 Dancmg Girl. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 



Chapa, Heuri MicLel Anloine.— Bom, 1833. Pupil of Pradier and 
Duret. Prix de Rome Medals, 1863, 1865, 1866, 1875, 1877. Legion 
of Honor, 1867. Officer of Legion of Honor, 1872. Member of the 
Institute, 1880. 

140 Joan of Arc. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 

141 Sprhig. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 



Cliatrousse, Emile, — Born in Paris. Pupil of Rude. Medals, 1863, 
1864, 1865. Legion of Honor, 1879. 

142 Joa7i of Arc. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 



Croisy, Aristide, — Bom in Fagnon. Pupil of Toussaint, Medals, 
1873, 1882, 1885. Legion of Honor, 1885. 

143 The Nest. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 



33 

Ooatan, Jales Felix.— Bora in Paris. Pupil of Cavelier. Prix 
de Rome. Medals, 1876, 1889. Legion of Honor, 1885. 

144 Porteitse de pain. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 

145 Fountain, Exposition, i88g. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 



Daiiipt, Jean. — Bora in Venarcy. Pupil of JoufFroy and Dubois. 
Medals, 1879, 1881, 1889. Legion of Honor, 1889. 

146 St. John in Prayer. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly 



de Saint Marceaux, Rene.— Born in Reims. Pupil of Jouffroy. 
Medals, 1872, 1879, ^^^^- Legion of Honor, 1880. Officer of the 
Legion of Honor, 1889. 
147 Bronze Harlequin 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 



Dubois, Paul.— Bom in Nogent-Sur-Seine. Pupil of Touissaint. 
Medals, 1863, 1865, 1867, 1876, 1878, 1889. Legion of Honor, 1867. 
Officer of the Legion of Honor, 1874. Commander of the Legion of 
Honor, 1886. Grand Officer of the Legion of Honor, 1889. Member 
of the Institute, 1876. 

148 Le Courage Militaire. (Bronze.) 

Loaned by Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 

149 Florentine Singer. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 



34 

Falguiere, Jean Alexandre Joseph.— Bom in Toulouse. Pupil of 
Jouflfroy. Prix de Rome. Medals, 1864, 1867, 1868, 1878. Legion of 
Honor, 1870. Ofi&cer of the Legion of Honor, 1878. Commander of 
the Legion of Honor, 1889. Member of the Institute, 1882. 

150 Coureur. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 

151 La Musique. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 

152 St. Vi7icent de Paul. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 

153 Study of Woman^ s Head. 

Loaned by Messrs. Caldwell and Co. 

154 Bronze Head. 

Loaned by Messrs. Caldwell and Co. 



Franceschi, Jules.— Born in Bar-sur-Aube. Medals, 1861, 1864, 1869. 
Legion of Honor, 1874. 

155 Nymph. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 



Fremiet, Emmanuel.— Bom in Paris. Pupil of Rude. Medals, 
1849, 1851, 1855, 1867, 1887, 1889. Member of the Legion of Honor, 
i860. Oflacerofthe Legion of Honor, 1878. 

156 Equestrian Statue at Pierrefonds . (Photograph.) 
Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 



Gerrex. 

157 Faune. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 



35 

GonjOD, Jeau.— Born in Paris, 1520. Died, 1572. 
158 The Seme. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. B. A. Stewardson. 



Hondon, Jean Antoine. — Born in Versailles, 1741. Died, 1828 

159 Bust of Frankliji. 

Loaned by American Philosophical Society. 

160 Bust of Lafayette. 

Loaned by American Philosophical Society. 

161 Diana. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 

162 Voltaire. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 



Lanson, Alfred Desire.— Born in Orleans. Pupil of Jouffroy. Prix 
de Rome. Medals, 1875, 1S79, 1880, 1889. Legion of Honor, 1882. 

163 The Resurrection. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 



Marceaux, 

164 Sketch for a Tojnb. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 

Mercie, Marias Jean Antoniu.— Born in Toulouse. Pupil of Jouf- 
froy and of Falguiere. Prix de Rome. Medals, 1872, 1874, 1878, 
1889. Legion of Honor, 1872. Officer of the Legion of Honor, 1879. 

165 David. (Bronze.) 

Loaned by Mr. Wni. P. Henszey. 

166 Bronze Figure. 

Loaned b}^ Mrs. Thomas A. Scott. 

167 David. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by :Mr. Charles Grafly. 



36 



1 68 Tombeau de Baudry. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 



Pujet, Pierre.— Born in Marseilles, 1622. Died, 1694. 
169 Esquisse d' un Faune, (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 



Printemps, Jules. — Born in Lille. Pupil of Jouffroy and of Fal- 
guiere. Medals, 1879, 1889. 
170 (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 



Puech, Denys. — Born in Gavernac. Pupil of Falguiere and Chapu. 
Prix de Rome. Medals, 1884, 1889. 

171 Sirene. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. Charles Grafly. 

172 La Muse d' Andre Chmier. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 



Bodin, Auguste. — Born in Paris. Medal in 1880. Legion of Honor, 
1882. 

173 Bust. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 

174 The Age of Bronze. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 

175 St. John. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Mr. E. A. Stewardson. 



Turcan, Jean.— Born in Aries. Medals, 1878, 1883, 1888. Legion 
of Honor, 1888. Grand Prix, 1889. 

176 U Ave7igle et le Paralytique. (Photograph.) 

Loaned by Miss Fan Sekeles. 



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